This page provides a simplified list of some of the areas and eras and governments that form the setting (whether actual or merely expected) of The Ravages of Time. On’yomi readings of the names are also included as a bonus of sorts, enclosed in parentheses.

The final calendars of the Later Han (Go Kan)

  • Yonghan (Eikan): 189 AD/CE
  • Chuping (Shouhei): 190-193 AD/CE
  • Xingping (Kouhei): 194-195 AD/CE
  • Jian’an (Ken’an): 196-220 AD/CE
  • Yankang (Enkou): 220 AD/CE

The Three Kingdoms (Sangoku)

  • Shu Han (Shoku Kan), the succession line founded by Liu Bei to continue the Han
  • Cao Wei (Sou Gi), the new dynasty founded by Cao Pi after Liu Xie’s abdication
  • Eastern Wu (Tou Go), the independent regime founded by Sun Quan

Other polities and factions

  • Zhong (Chuu), the short-lived independent regime established by Yuan Shu
  • Jin (Shin), the new dynasty founded by the Sima clan after Cao Huan’s abdication
  • Guandong (Kantou), the alliance of warlords going against Dong Zhuo, named after the eastern portion of Hangu Pass (Kankokukan)

‘Barbarian’ tribes

  • Xiongnu (Kyoudo)
  • Wuhuan/Wuwan (Okan/Ugan)
  • Xianbei (Senpi)
  • Qiang (Kyou)
  • Shanyue (San’etsu)
  • Yi (I)

The provinces/zhou (-shuu) of Han, with some important commanderies/jun (-gun) and vassal kingdoms/guo (-koku)

  • Sili (Shirei), the capital zone covering Luoyang and nearby areas
    • Henei (Kanai), the home commandery of the Sima clan
    • Hongnong (Kounou), a commandery seized by Jia Kui to expand the Sima clan’s area of influence
  • Yongzhou (Youshuu), a special zone covering the old capital Chang’an and nearby areas
  • Liangzhou (Ryoushuu), the northwestern frontier province and the home base of Dong Zhuo, Ma Teng, and Han Sui
  • Bingzhou (Heishuu), the northern frontier province
  • Youzhou (Yuushuu), the far northeastern frontier province and a stronghold of the Gongsun clan
    • Liaodong (Ryoutou), a commandery administered by Gongsun Kang
    • Dai (Dai), a commandery defended by Zhong Yao from attacks by northern tribes
  • Jizhou (Kishuu), a northern province and a stronghold of the Yuan clan
    • Changshan (Chouzan), the home commandery of the Eighth Genius and the alleged home commandery of Zhao Yun
  • Qingzhou (Seishuu), a northeastern province
    • Pingyuan (Heigen), an early base of Liu Bei
    • Beihai (Hokukai), a commandery administered by Kong Rong
  • Yanzhou (Enshuu), a middle province and a stronghold of Cao Cao
    • Puyang (Hokuyou), an early base of Cao Cao
    • Chenliu (Chinryuu), a commandery administered by Zhang Miao
  • Xuzhou (Joshuu), an eastern province governed by Liu Bei in his early career
    • Pengcheng (Houjou), a commandery captured by Cao Cao during the first invasion of Xuzhou
    • Xiapi (Kahi), the final stronghold of Lü Bu in his last campaign against Cao Cao and Liu Bei
  • Yuzhou (Yoshuu), a middle province containing the relocated capital of Xu
    • Runan (Jonan), a commandery where Liu Pi and other former Yellow Turbans who joined Cao Cao are based
    • Chen (Chin), the vassal kingdom assigned to Liu Chong
  • Yizhou (Ekishuu), the western frontier province taken by Liu Bei in his late career
    • Hanzhong (Kanchuu), a commandery controlled by Zhang Lu
  • Jingzhou (Keishuu), a southern province contested by Cao Cao, Liu Bei, and Sun Quan
    • Nanyang (Nanyou), a commandery controlled by Zhang Xiu
    • Jiangxia (Kouka), a commandery administered by Huang Zu
    • Changsha (Chousa), a commandery administered by Han Xuan
    • Guiyang (Keiyou), a commandery administered by Zhao Fan
    • Lingling (Reiryou), a commandery administered by Liu Du
    • Wuling (Buryou), a commandery administered by Jin Xuan
  • Yangzhou (Youshuu), the southeastern frontier province and a stronghold of the Sun clan
    • Lujiang (Rokou), a commandery controlled by Liu Xun
    • Wu (Go), a commandery controlled by Yan Baihu
    • Kuaiji (Kaikei), a commandery administered by Wang Lang
  • Jiaozhi (Koushi), the far southwestern frontier region

Notable places in the ‘middle kingdom’ (chuukoku)

  • Luoyang (Rakuyou), the capital of the Later Han, Cao Wei, and Jin
  • Wangcheng (Oujou), the ruined ancient ‘city of kings’ near Luoyang
  • Chang’an (Chouan), the capital of the Former Han, briefly reinstated by Dong Zhuo after the burning of Luoyang
  • Xu (Kyo), the city where Cao Cao relocated the imperial court during the Jian’an era
  • Ye (Gyou), the headquarters of Yuan Shao and subsequently the headquarters of Cao Cao
  • Chengdu (Seito), the capital of Shu Han
  • Jianye (Kengyou), the capital of Eastern Wu
  • Shouchun (Jushun), the headquarters of Yuan Shu and his Zhong dynasty
  • Hulao Pass (Koroukan), the site where Hua Xiong fell in battle
  • Guandu (Kanto), one of the crucial sites in the power struggle between Cao Cao and Yuan Shao
  • Changban (Chouhan), the site where Cao Cao’s elite cavalry caught up with Liu Bei’s fleeing entourage
  • Chibi (Sekiheki), the site of the major naval battle between Cao Cao and the Liu Bei-Sun Quan alliance
  • Huarong (Kayou), the path of Cao Cao’s retreat after his disastrous defeat at Chibi
  • Hefei (Gappi), the site of several skirmishes between Sun (Wu) and Cao (Wei) forces

Selected counties/xian (-ken), cities/cheng (-sei), and other locales

  • Pingyang (Heiyou), the place where Sima Yi and Zhuge Liang teamed up and showed off their puzzle-solving skills
  • Suanzao (Sansou), one of the encampments of the Guandong alliance during the campaign against Dong Zhuo
  • Tan (Tan), a county that firmly resisted Cao Cao’s first invasion of Xuzhou
  • Pei (Hai), a county where Liu Bei took refuge after Lü Bu’s takeover of Xuzhou
  • Yijing (Ekikyou), the site of Gongsun Zan’s final stand against Yuan Fang
  • Dong’an (Tou’an), a city captured by Sun Ce to serve as his base of operations to conquer the eastern region
  • Xinye (Shinya), a base of Liu Bei during his stay in Jingzhou as Liu Biao’s guest
  • Xiangyang (Jouyou), the provincial seat of Jingzhou during Liu Biao’s governorship
  • Xiakou (Kakou), a late base of Liu Qi
  • Jiangling (Kouryou), a site captured by Zhou Yu after Chibi as part of his plan to outmaneuver both Cao Cao and Liu Bei
  • Shishou (Sekishu), a site where Liu Bei and Sun Shu are set to have their wedding


This special section aims to show in a more concise manner how Ravages exemplifies many of the recognized media/rhetorical tropes associated with plotters and schemers. Although a lot of the tropes are already explicitly or implicitly included in another page, nonetheless to further emphasize the point (and to support the bold claim about Ravages made in this entry), the appendix attempts to cover the tropes using some crucial passages in the series that are different from the ones that have been cited in that other page.

Spoilers ahead.

  • The Plan. Pang Tong wants to have Cao Cao killed
    • Xanatos Speed Chess. Pang Tong adjusts his plan of attack after Xiahou Dun was able to procure rations for Cao Cao by plundering nearby villages
    • Genghis Gambit. Pang Tong gets rival warlords Liang Ping and Song Li to join forces and fight Cao Cao
    • All According to Plan. Pang Tong says this in reference to the downfall of the Sima clan
    • Xanatos Gambit. Pang Tong arranges for a bunch of minor and major warlords to take down Cao Cao, but in the event that they fail or begin to fight one another instead, Liu Chong would still be able to take advantage of the situation
  • Gambit Roulette. Somehow, it was ensured that the long-anticipated big showdown between Cao Cao and Yuan Shao would actually take place in Guandu
  • Paranoia Gambit. Ma Teng uses a rumor to get Li Jue to kill Fan Chou out of suspicion, straining the relationship among the remaining ringleaders in Chang’an
  • Batman Gambit. Guo Jia puts Guan Yu in the front lines, taking advantage of Liu Bei’s brotherly sentiments and preventing the archers from assisting Yan Liang
  • Kansas City Shuffle. Guo Jia tricks Gao Shun into avoiding the pitfalls, allowing the workers to finish digging up a network to be used for a flood attack
  • Zero-Approval Gambit. Guo Jia uses underhanded and ruthless means to consolidate the realm with Cao Cao as the helmsman, sacrificing his reputation in the process
  • Death Is the Only Option. Dong Yue sacrifices himself to lure Lü Bu and his accomplices into Liangzhou, where they can be trapped and eliminated
  • Uriah Gambit. Yuan Shao and Yuan Fang secretly retreat with their own forces intact, abandoning their junior peers in the Guandong alliance to face Lü Bu’s onslaught
  • Deceased Fall-Guy Gambit. Yang Xiu orders his lackeys to kill certain targets within the Yuan clan, all in the name of the deceased Yuan Fang
  • Impersonation Gambit. Ling Cao impersonates as Sun Ce and triggers the death trap, to allow the latter to escape and start over elsewhere away from Yuan Shu
  • Tactical Reminiscence. Yan Liang exposes Liaoyuan Huo by addressing him as if he were the deceased brother of a subordinate
  • Trojan Prisoner. Liaoyuan Huo is captured and imprisoned by Lü Bu as part of Lü Bu’s plot to assassinate Dong Zhuo, with Liaoyuan Huo as the hired killer
  • Trouble Magnet Gambit. Li Ru realizes that the house recommended to him by Lü Bu is the same place where Dong Huang’s body was hidden, to be used in a frame-up
  • Cooperation Gambit. Pang De reveals vital information to Zhang Fei, while also noting that Ma Teng and Yuan Shang have agreed to leave each other alone
  • Playing Both Sides. Shan Wuling explains that her clan invests in multiple players to ensure that they stand to gain no matter who wins in the power struggle
    • Divide and Conquer. Cao Cao’s forces instigate conflict among the factions of Lü Bu, Liu Bei, Yuan Shu, Sun Ce, and Liu Biao, for easier future conquest
    • War for Fun and Profit. Sima Yi uses his agents to secretly ensure a delicate balance of three powers, thereby securing his position as Cao Cao’s adviser
  • Failure Gambit. The unlikely event of Guo Jia’s defeat in the first Xuzhou campaign was taken into account as a way to train Cao Cao’s troops on how to handle adversity
  • Indy Ploy. Zhang Fei finds a way to escape from the clutches of Wei Yan and reunite with his troops
  • Unintentional Backup Plan. Han Hao’s defensive measures for Xuzhou were ruined, but the unexpected retreat of Yuan Tan’s elite vanguard worked in his favor
  • Deliberate Injury Gambit. Dian Wei allows Lü Bu’s soldiers to stab him with spears, so that he can use those spears as weapons, given his incredible endurance
  • Check and Mate. Lü Bu explains how he figured out Yuan Fang’s plan after he foiled it
  • Gambit Pileup. The Eighth Genius explains that the other geniuses working for Liu Bei, Cao Cao, and Sun Quan are laying plans against one another
    • Out-Gambitted. Zhuge Liang’s accurate prediction of the weather foils Zhou Yu’s plans and renders Cao Cao even more helpless
    • Last Plan Standing. Zhuge Liang’s scheme comes out on top in the battle of Chibi, although Zhou Yu may still have something in store for later campaigns
    • Didn’t See That Coming. Sima Yi takes advantage of the rainy weather to send rescue ships to the swamps and hills of Huarong
  • Unfolding Plan Montage. Guo Jia’s plans for Sima Yi and Yang Xiu are revealed using flashbacks and shifting scenes



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